This is who's blocked from coming to the US under Trump's latest ban

President Trump's latest proclamation outlines a number of new restrictions on visas for temporary foreign workers.

President Trump's latest proclamation outlines a number of new restrictions on visas for temporary foreign workers.

His argument: the devastating economic impact of the coronavirus pandemic has forced officials to do more to protect American jobs.

Business groups and immigrant rights advocates are crying foul. They say these restrictions will ultimately harm the economy, and they're accusing the Trump administration of using the public health crisis as a pretext to enact unnecessary immigration restrictions.

Unless you're an attorney or an immigrant with experience navigating the US system, the alphabet soup of visas listed in Monday's proclamation might be tough to decipher. The bottom line: a wide range of workers, from au pairs to software engineers, will be blocked from coming to the US at least until January. And those restrictions could be extended.

There are some exceptions. Among them, the proclamation says officials will come up with standards to let in people treating Covid-19 patients or conducting research to help the US combat the pandemic.

It also will draft similar standards to admit people who are critical to national security, are necessary to help the country's economic recovery or are essential to the US food supply chain. And the new measures don't apply to people who've already been issued valid visas.

But even so, the Migration Policy Institute estimates some 167,000 temporary workers will be kept out of the United States as a result of these new restrictions, which take effect on Wednesday.

Here's a look at what kind of jobs are included in Trump's proclamation, and how many people could be affected in each visa category.

CNN's Priscilla Alvarez contributed to this report.

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